What is hubris syndrome? Can dictators be reformed?

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Hubris syndrome It is related to power. Although until the writing of this article, such a syndrome is not considered as a mental illness or brain damage, but it is not usually seen in people who are not in power.

The word hubris (ὕβρις) It came down to us from ancient Greek and it simply means “extreme pride”: Huberik action It is an act in which they present their forms of power in the garb of pride and self-confidence, and by means of which they threaten and humiliate others.

It seems that such persons try to achieve sick pleasure by using power and threatening people. In the distant past, around ancient Greece, this act of behavior was considered highly impolite. In a famous paragraph from Plato’s Phaedrus treatise, it is stated:

“When desire drives us irrationally toward luxury and rules within us, this law of indulgence [افراط یا به بیانی هوبریس] is named.”

Read more: Women are better at remembering and using words; But is this statement true?

Hubris syndrome and dictators

Undoubtedly, Hubrick’s behavior is remarkably suitable for plays, because it provides an opportunity to explore the human character with the highest dramatic action. Shakespeare’s Coriolanus It is the best example. But one of Hubrick’s professional patterns is to strike a chord with anyone who studies the history of political leaders.

This is an alarm for all political, business, military or academic leaders, although not all of these leaders suffer from hubris syndrome, but most of the politicians of our time show such personality traits.

Hubris syndrome

Here we mention several categories of mental illnesses related to the spectrum of hubris syndrome: in the international classification, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), substance abuse that includes alcohol, hypomania, bipolar disorder, paranoid personality disorder, which is the ninth part of this The category is mentioned.

(ICD)-10, and narcissistic personality disorder (NPD), is one of the 10 categories listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV). Most of these have been genetically linked; A bond that “creates vulnerability to disorder” but not necessarily the disorder itself. Peter Tyrer argues that it is better to have them Personality sensitivities let’s call

Most personality disorders appear in late childhood or adolescence and continue until adulthood. A 2006 study found that approximately 4.4% of the UK population was affected by such disorders. The eleventh factor affecting Hubris syndrome It is different in that it usually manifests itself in the later stages of a person’s life, so we should not consider it under the umbrella of personality disorder, but rather as a situational disease in which the situation is as a person.

Anatomy of hubris syndrome

Hubris syndrome It is undeniably associated with power, necessarily the power that goes hand in hand with luxury, and when this power is no longer in use it disappears. Hubrik’s character is also very common among heads of state; Whether it is a democratic or non-democratic country. It is best understood as a continuum of normal behavior that evolves.

It can also be done by examining the behavioral signs of a country’s leader Symptoms of hubris syndrome but there should be at least three or four signs from the following checklist:

  • Worldview through the filter of narcissism; First of all, they see it as an arena where they can exercise power and seek glory and prowess in it.
  • Willingness to take actions that seem likely to put them in a good light;
  • Disproportionate concern with the image and presentation they express;
  • They think of themselves as saviors and have a desire for excellence and glory in speech;
  • Self-identification with the nation to the extent that the vision and interests of the two seem to be the same;
  • a tendency to speak of oneself in the third person plural or to use the royal “we”;
  • Relying too much on the judgment and contempt of others for advice or criticism;
  • Exaggerated self-confidence, bordering on a sense of absolute power, in what they can personally achieve;
  • Believing that they should answer to history or God rather than the people and courts of the country;
  • restlessness, carelessness and impulsiveness and sometimes losing contact with reality, isolationism;

External factors of hubris syndrome

It seems that external factors are important in Hubris syndrome as follows:

  1. having considerable power;
  2. the omnipotence of power for leadership;
  3. a long period of time a person remains in power; This includes even democratically elected people, for example: Russian President Putin;
  4. Also, respect and hierarchy in the entire ruling body of a system; That is, in this situation, it seems that their opinions are the opinions of government representatives, but the opposing opinions of other people are actually left out, and it creates a “sanctuary mentality” around them.

The concept of truth as something that depends on elements beyond human control is one of the ways that philosophers have considered it as a necessary element for humility. When this “humility” is removed in the way of pride, then the path of madness will be followed and they will drink the intoxicating cup of power. -Bertrand Russell

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you about Hubris syndrome what do you think Do you also think that the only way to reform dictators is to remove them from power? Share your opinion with Tekrato in the “Comments” section.

Based on: National Library of Medicine

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