Tehran water crisis It is not a new issue. But considering that a month has passed since the fall season and the only rain that happened in Tehran province was a few minutes of rain on the first day of November, and also in the past seasons no significant rain happened, we expect another critical situation for water resources in Tehran. must have
Tehran experienced three seasons of low water, which limited the water reserves. Winter with little snow, spring with little rain, and dry summer have aggravated the water shortage situation; Of course, water restrictions in the country are not only limited to Tehran Other cities are also involved in water crisis. We saw a clear example of this water shortage and critical situation in Hamadan and other big cities of the country.
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Tehran’s water crisis; Why are water reserves not rationed in Tehran?
Reza Haji Karim, member of the board of directors Water Industry Federation He informed: “We are consuming Tehran’s strategic water reserves. In Tehran, we have developed the city and increased the residential structures without looking at the experimental documents and taking into account the severe limitations we have on the road to water supply.
“Payam Ma” media also reported from Minister of Energy Ali Akbar Mehrabian: We are facing the problem of water supply in cities like Tehran, Mashhad, Isfahan and in many big cities. Based on these statements, rumors about Pollution of Tehran’s water resources Was raised.
Of course, this rumor did not spread much, but the question is still raised that despite everything Limitations in Tehran’s water resourcesespecially in the fall of 1401 and despite warnings about water cut, why is water not rationed in Tehran?
According to reports, the water storage in the country’s dams is in a critical condition. The statistics of the country’s water information and data office show:
With the passage of 30 days of the water year (1402-1401), the amount of water in the reservoirs of the country’s dams is about 18.12 billion cubic meters, and we see a 14% decrease in the input to the reservoirs compared to last year.
ISNA also wrote about water shortage in a report:
From the beginning of the new water year to October 24, the average rainfall in Iran was around 0.8 mm, while the long-term rainfall on the same date was around 4.8 mm.
By examining the state of the country’s dams, we find that the input to the reservoirs in the current water year has reached 830 million cubic meters, which is a 14% decrease compared to the same period of the last water year.
Also, the filling level of Zayandeh Rood dam in Isfahan province, dams in Tehran province, dams in Khuzestan province and dams in the catchment area of Lake Urmia in the current conditions are about 11%, 19%, 43% and 29% respectively.
The water reserves in Tehran’s dams indicate Tehran’s water crisis
The current reserves of Tehran dams are about 361 million cubic meters; This statistic shows a decrease The volume of water reserves in Tehran Dam because last year and on this date, Tehran dams reserves were around 441 million cubic meters; According to these statistics, the water reserves of the dams have decreased by 18% compared to the same period last year.
The same reduction in the amount of water reserves once again raises doubts about how Tehran’s water supply because according to the authorities, water consumption this fall has not only decreased compared to summer, but has also increased.
Reza Hajikarim, a member of the board of directors of the Water Industry Federation, in response to the question, what temporary solutions do we have to solve the water challenge this fall? He told “Piyam Ma” media: “The budget deficit, project suspension, etc. have minimized the possibility of development work. At the same time, the bitter point of the story is that we in Tehran have developed the city and increased the residential structures without looking at the inspection documents and considering the severe restrictions we have on the way to water supply.
He adds: “We built dense population areas like Tehran’s 22nd district, despite the fact that in the initial studies, the pattern of population settlement in these areas was defined in a different way. Considering these studies has made us face this difficult situation.
Pollution in Tehran’s water
Reza Hajikarim, a member of the board of directors of the Federation of Water Industry, explained about Pollution in Tehran’s water It has been presented to the media that we will investigate some of the statements of this official.
It seems that the reservoirs of the dams responsible for supplying water in Tehran have reached zero. According to this issue, the issue of water rationing in Tehran should have been raised by now.
Haji Karim answers in this regard: “Due to the dire situation of Tehran’s water, it has reached the point where we have taken the irrigation networks downstream of Taleghan Dam, which were built in the past years, to Tehran. In this way, the Qazvin Plain and other plains such as Saujblag and Shahryar have been used to supply drinking water to Tehran.
Of course, this issue is not limited only to the west of the capital. In the east of Tehran, we are using all water capacities such as Lar, Letian and Nimrod dams, etc. In addition to these, we also use Tehran’s strategic water reserves. “The deep wells that we have in Tehran have been put into operation with a steep trend so that we can provide drinking water to the people in Tehran.”
Regarding how to improve the unsettled water situation in Tehran, he added: “Part of the solution to this problem comes back to educational and promotional work to learn ways to reduce consumption. In addition, using faucets that reduce water consumption can be effective. Of course, some of these works have been done in the past years.
He adds: “Another part is related to the issue of how we can use alternative resources, including sewage, in the city of Tehran. Part of the green space irrigation in Tehran is done with drinking water in the first six months of the year right now as we speak.
Or for large commercial and hospital facilities and cooling systems, they use the air cooling system, which consumes a lot of electricity.
Keep in mind that water restrictions are not only limited to Tehran. In this city and other cities of the country, we are facing water restrictions and a very fragile electricity situation. In such a situation, naturally, wastewater treatment at the source and wastewater recycling can significantly reduce water consumption.”
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