According to the news, Samsung’s 3-nanometer chips will start next week, which means that Samsung has taken a big step in the production of the chip.
There are currently only two independent companies capable of producing advanced chips. These companies include TSMC and Samsung Foundry, which take designs of chips created by other companies and build real chips from them. TSMC and Samsung are reportedly both working on chips using their 3-nanometer process nodes. Now, the news of Samsung’s production of 3-nanometer chips may move other competitors.
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What do we know about Samsung 3nm chips?
The smaller the process node used to make the chips, the greater the number of transistors inside a chip. This is a very important factor in the production of this chip. Because the more transistors used in a chip, the more powerful and efficient that chip will be.
Every two years or so, the process node gets smaller and more transistors are placed in an integrated circuit. This is the famous “Moore’s Law” that you may have heard of, and is named after Gordon Moore, the founder of Intel and Fairchild semiconductors.
Remember, this is not a real rule, and since smaller and smaller components are made, this “observation” can no longer be counted on completely to double the number of transistors per year.
With these interpretations, over time, you can see how Moore’s Law has predicted an incredible increase in processing capabilities over the years. Consider the iPhone X, which launched in November 2017 with the Apple A10 Bionic chipset. The smartphone carried 4.3 billion transistors per chip. Now let’s move on to the iPhone 13, 2021 series, which uses the A15 Bionic chipset. The A15 Bionic chipset contains 15 billion transistors, which is 27.1 percent more than the 11.8 billion transistors used by the A14 Bionic chip.
So now Samsung and TSMC are competing for dominance in the chip-making business by a competitor that may be the third company. TSMC is number one by most standards, and its customer list includes high-tech companies such as Apple (its number one customer), MediaTek, Nvidia, Qualcomm and others. But according to ExtremeTech, Samsung will soon beat TSMC by mass-producing 3-nanometer chips made using the 3-nanometer process node, and TSMC looks set to mass-produce 3-nanometer chips by the end of the year. To begin.
In addition, Samsung plans to use a new transistor structure on Samsung’s 3-nanometer chip called GAA or gate-all-around. Despite this structure, the current is controlled by gates that are in contact with the transistor from all four sides. But it looks like TSMC will continue to use the FinFET structure that has existed since the launch of the 22nm process node. TSMC will eventually eliminate FinFET for GAA, which will launch 2-nanometer chips in 2026.
Samsung’s GAA design is called a multi-channel field effect transistor (MBCFET), also known as a nanowire. This is one of only two different door designs currently available with a design called GAAFET or Nanowire.
Samsung is expected to make a big announcement soon about its production of 3-nanometer chips, according to a report by a Korean news agency. Reports also say that moving to the all-round gateway from FinFet reduces the chip area by up to 45 percent and helps increase performance by 30 percent, which in turn reduces energy consumption by up to 50 percent. However, there is a big problem. Samsung reportedly had an efficiency of 10 to 20 percent at 3 nanometers, meaning that the vast majority of its 3-nanometer chips cut from wafers failed to meet quality control standards.
In February, reports reported that Samsung’s return on production of four-nanometer chips was only 35%, leading to the loss of part of Samsung’s business to Qualcomm chip designer. However, if Samsung Foundry wants to announce the start of high-volume production (HVM) at the 3nm process node, it can be assumed that Samsung Foundry has improved its 3nm chip performance.
The Digitimes blog reported on 3nm chips that major TSMC customers such as MediaTek, Nvidia, Intel, Apple, AMD and even Qualcomm may be queuing up for Samsung 3nm chips!
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