Is it possible to bypass the National Internet if the protection plan is approved? Answering this question requires examining several key issues. Stay tuned for the rest of this article Internal Internet Bypass to check
A few days ago, Mohammad Javad Azari Jahormi, the former Minister of Communications and Information Technology, in letters to Mr. Raisi and Mr. Qalibaf, the heads of the executive and legislative bodies of the country, raised his criticisms regarding the approval of the protection plan and pointed out its shortcomings.
In a part of his speech, Mr. Jahormi stated that the plan proposed by the parliament is such that it will lead to a new problem in building trust in the governance system of the country’s virtual space and in some cases it can create new social, managerial and legal problems.
But what is the shape and image of the post-industrial Internet in Iran? Is the international internet going to be cut off completely? If such a phenomenon occurs, will it be possible to avoid it? In the rest of this article, we will analyze these questions further.
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Is it possible to bypass the national internet if the security plan is approved?
National Information Network which by other names National Internet And National Internet Network It is also known as Iran’s national intranet. This network is a project to develop a safe and stable national information infrastructure in Iran.
According to the definition approved in Note 2, Article 46 of the Law of the Fifth Development Program and the approval of the Supreme Council of Cyberspace, “the national information network of the country is a network based on the Internet contract (IP) along with switches, routers and data centers, in such a way that requests for internal access and obtaining information which are kept in internal data centers should not be routed from outside the country in any way and the possibility of creating intranet and private and secure internal networks should be provided in it.
On August 6, the representatives of the Islamic Council, while with the principle of 85 Plan to protect the rights of users in cyber space They agreed that online business operators believe that this plan, contrary to its name, will result in the loss of users’ rights and serious damage to small businesses, and more importantly, in the long run, it will have negative effects on large businesses and the economy. country will have
Parliament’s agreement with The text of the protection plan while The campaign against the plan to protect users in cyberspace So far, it has collected more than 750 thousand signatures. A campaign that according to many has a vague and passive text, but others say that it is necessary to avoid details for such a campaign to become a voice. The more important question here is whether such campaigns can basically cure a pain and bring a voice to someone’s ears?
Azari Jahormi emphasized in his letters that in the protection plan, there is no “clear and specific legal assignment regarding the sharing and division of legal responsibilities between basic functional services, other services and cyberspace users” and its legalization is “the creation of a parallel government through “Granting regulatory powers to an institution outside the government” will result. The Minister of Communications refers to the “Committee for Organizing and Monitoring the Plan to Protect the Rights of Users in Cyberspace and Organize Social Messengers with the Purpose of Applying the Sovereignty of the Islamic Republic of Iran”.
The members of this committee are as follows:
- Head of the National Center for Cyberspace (as head of the delegation)
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the Ministry of Communications and Information Technology
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the Ministry of Culture and Guidance
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the Ministry of Information
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the Prosecutor General’s Office
- A representative from the parliament’s cultural commission
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the Broadcasting Organization
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of IRGC intelligence
- The relevant deputy or the authorized representative of the Islamic Propaganda Organization
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the police force
- The relevant deputy or plenipotentiary representative of the inactive defense organization
The statements of the opponents of this plan are made while Mohammad Baqer Qalibaf, Speaker of the Parliament, supported the approval of this plan and wrote on his personal page:Most of the claims raised about the plan are not true and do not exist in the plan. Blocking widely used platforms such as Instagram and WhatsApp is not the plan of the parliament and the said plan does not exist.»
Read more: The best WhatsApp alternative in Iran; What to install a program similar to Whatsapp?
However, the Twitter user account of “IT Iran” wrote from the words of Mr. Jahormi that there will be a security plan, “the possibility of extensive restrictions” and even “filtering” for messengers and social networks. Mr. Jahormi regarding this plan is writing:
It doesn’t seem that social networks will be filtered in a few months, but the mechanism of this draft and the composition of the commissions and working groups defined in it have greatly increased the possibility of imposing extensive restrictions on the bandwidth of messengers and even applying filters.
What are the possible problems for businesses?
Adel Talebi, Secretary of the Internet Business Association, in a conversation with ISNA regarding the protection plan, said: “In the protection of users’ rights and basic services of virtual space” plan, a commission called “High Commission for Regulatory Regulation” has been formed to This commission allows the possibility of anything happening in the internet space. In fact, this plan, with a series of vague and non-transparent clauses, has formed a commission with executive power, higher than even the three powers, and this commission has even found an extra-legal existence.”
The future of the Internet in Iran; Does the national internet mean that the international internet will be cut off?
In another important part of his speech, Mr. Talebi said:
With Article 85 of the project “Protecting the rights of users in cyber space and organizing social messengers”, this law will be approved behind closed doors and will be sent to the Guardian Council for final approval, and if the Guardian Council finds this law contrary to the constitution He does not know, it is actually considered a law and will be implemented for a trial period of 5 years, the internet will be cut off, internet access will be cut off and irreparable damage will be done to businesses.
Is the security plan like the Chinese firewall?
What emerges from the appearance of the matter in the security plan is something similar to “The Great Firewall of China”: it is a complex and extensive restriction system in China. According to Chinese users, the operation of this firewall is not complicated at all; No one can access content blocked by the Chinese government (such as Facebook)!
The Chinese government has used several common methods simultaneously to develop its Great Firewall:
- Blocking IP addresses
- Poisoning the DNS cache or DNS Spoofing
- Filtering URLs
- Content censorship manually and with artificial intelligence
- Block VPNs
Is there a way to escape the Great Firewall of China? As we said, many famous VPNs are completely blocked in this method. But using virtual private networks is a potential solution. In simple words, Chinese citizens or tourists who go to this country must use special VPNs to access the international Internet, which of course can be identified and tracked.
From a technical point of view, VPNs create a private network for you to use the Internet and protect your data sent and received and your location. Chinese people use these VPNs for purposes such as research and study, checking foreign social networks such as Facebook and Instagram, and following global news trends. Of course, the Chinese government is aware of the existence of these VPNs and tolerates them to some extent.
The best strategies to bypass China’s national internet:
- Tor browser
- Decentralized VPNs: VPNs that use blockchain technology.
- Open source proxies
- Tools like ShadowsSocks
In general, is it possible to bypass the internal Internet? There is no simple and straightforward answer to this question. It remains to be seen whether the protection plan will turn into something like a big firewall or not? If so, there will be potential ways that will not work for everyone and in all situations. One of the other potential solutions is the emergence of satellite internet Starlink Internet in Iran will be.
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What will be your opinion about the plan to protect and bypass the national internet? Write your thoughts in the comments!