Scientists have identified 200 holes on the surface of the moon that are shaded and have a suitable temperature for habitation. This is a strong reason for Proof of habitability of the moon is included in.
The moon has extreme temperature fluctuations; So that parts of the moon heat up to 260 degrees Fahrenheit (127 degrees Celsius) during the day and fall to minus 280 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 173 degrees Celsius) at night. Recently, 200 shaded craters have been discovered on the surface of the moon, which are always at a temperature of 63 degrees Fahrenheit (17 degrees Celsius); This means that they are a suitable place for humans to be safe from extreme temperature fluctuations.
Proof of habitability of the moon
The discovery of 200 shadowy craters on the moon, with a temperature of 63 degrees Fahrenheit, suggests that the moon could be a suitable place for human life. These pits can protect astronauts from the dangers of the solar wind, micrometeorites and cosmic rays. Therefore, bases can be built in these pits. Some of those pits may lead to similar warm caves.
Tyler Hurot, a doctoral student in planetary science at UCLA and lead author of the scientific paper on craters on the moon, says:
“It is very difficult to live in the moonlit nights; Because it requires a lot of energy. “Being in these pits and caves almost completely eliminates this need.”
Images of the crater in the Sea of Comfort, one of the moon’s seas, were captured by NASA’s Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) in different light conditions.
Two to three of the 200 discovered pits have protrusions that lead to a cave, and 16 pits act as openings for collapsed corridors. On Earth lava corridors are hollow caves found near the surface in volcanic areas, such as Kazumura Cave in Hawaii Volcanoes National Park and La Cova del Vinto in Tenerife in the Canary Islands.
Tyler Hurot says:
“As the lava flows, its upper part becomes solid; While the lava is still moving under this solid surface. “In some areas, the underlying lava is completely drained, leaving lava corridors.”
If the pavement collapses, a pit will be created. This pit plays the role of a light source for the deep hole. The same process happened billions of years ago when massive volcanic events created dark lava fields on the moon’s surface that scientists named “Maria,” which is Latin for sea. Hurot says:
“These pits are probably the result of small impacts on the roof of the lava pit. “Seismic activity may have weakened the roof of the lava pit.”
In a new study, researchers measured the temperature inside a cylindrical pit 328 feet (100 meters) deep. This pit is located in the comfort sea of the moon and near the equator of the moon. According to the team’s findings, when the crater’s floor is illuminated at lunar noon, the temperature in the area reaches about 300 degrees Fahrenheit (149 degrees Celsius), possibly the hottest place on the entire surface of the moon. Meanwhile, the temperature fluctuates slightly in shaded pits.
The mentioned pit is a short distance from the landing site of two NASA Apollo missions. Hurot stated that the crater is the same distance, 375 km (233 mi) from the landing sites of Apollo 11 and Apollo 17. He also said:
“If we finally get there, it will be amazing to see the remnants of the Apollo project.”
Horot merely presents the possibilities surrounding the pit. New studies have been done for the Moon Diver mission. In the Moon Diver mission to explore the caves on the Moon, NASA will send a rover into the crater. Hurot says:
“The rover will be able to study the lava layers in the crater walls imaged by LRO, helping us better understand the moon’s past history and evolution. “There’s not a lot to learn about these craters from orbit, but if we go directly to one there are more opportunities (to research).”
For more than 10 years, scientists have been trying to find craters on the moon. The first crater on the moon was discovered by the Kaguya (previously known as SELENE) probe of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency in 2009. In the mentioned study, thermal camera, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter (LRO) named Deviner radiometer was used.
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